Learn to Read for Kids ages 2-6
Learning to read is about listening and understanding as well as working out what’s printed on the page. This helps children build their own vocabulary and improve their understanding when they listen, which is vital as they start to read. Why is learning to read so important? Learning to read helps your imagination when it comes to creating and thinking. By reading, you are painting those pictures of the story in your mind, you are also focusing and concentrating on one thing. By sitting still and reading, you are training your body, your mind and your child’s too slow down, relax, and focus on what you are reading.
When you read you are using your memory muscle which lies in the Cerebrum part of your brain. Using this muscle helps your memory long term. Reading to your children helps build a bond and opens up communication. Start reading to them and communicating when they are young so they have that connection and comfort with talking to you. Reading is the best free entertainment you can get, and one-on-one attention from parents during reading encourages children to form a positive association with books and reading
Hold up different objects, and ask the child what beginning, medial, or ending sound they hear. Write the alphabet on the whiteboard in large letters, and give the children something to point with, and have them point out the letter on the white board when you say it out loud. Or simply play a letter recognition game. By age 2, kids start recognizing some letters and can sing or say aloud the “ABC” song. By age 3, they may recognize about half the letters in the alphabet and start to connect letters to their sounds. By age 4 children often know all the letters of the alphabet and their correct order.
There is a widely-used teaching approach which teaches letter sounds first and letter names next. It is believed that letter sounds are more helpful and useful to pre-readers than letter names and therefore, should be taught first. Letters that occur frequently in simple words are taught first. Letters that look similar and have similar sounds are separated in the instructional sequence to avoid confusion. Short vowels are taught before long vowels.
Decoding is the process of turning communication into thoughts. For example, you may realize you’re hungry and encode the following message to send to your roommate: “I’m hungry. Encoded messages are sent through a channel, or a sensory route, on which a message travels to the receiver for decoding. Decoding is the process of translating print into speech by rapidly matching a letter or combination of letters to their sounds and recognizing the patterns that make syllables and words.
There is an area in the brain that deals with language processing and does this process automatically. Letter patterns are groups of letters that appear together in words and make a sound that doesn’t match up with reading each letter sound individually. Take for example, the letter pattern (tion,) which is at the end of many words. Decoding starts with the ability to match letters and their sounds.
Typically, decoding skill is measured through the child’s ability to read words out of context. Isolated words are presented to the child one at a time, and the child is asked to say the word aloud.
Alphabet Flash Cards
Alphabet Key Word Chart